OCULAR VACCINATION :
Dissolve the vaccine in a physiological saline solution and administer it by means of the standardized dropper. Place one drop of the vaccine solution in the eye of each bird or animal. Wait until the drop spreads properly.
NASAL VACCINATION :
A drop of the vaccine is administered in the nostril; obstructing the other nostril with the ﬁnger to ensure that the nasal drop is inhaled by the bird.
ORAL VACCINATION :
This route of vaccination is usually performed by reconstituting the vaccine in cool pure drinking water, free of antiseptics adding to it non-fat dried milk powder (2 g / L) to stabilize the vaccine’s activity. The temperature of the drinking water should not exceed 15°C and should be vaccinated by the oral route in the early morning.
AEROGENIC VACCINATION :
The vaccine-medicated water should be spread over the correct number of birds, from a distance of 30-45 cm from the head of the bird, under dim light. Before vaccination close windows, heaters, and lights while spraying and re-open them after 10 minutes of spraying.
Types of the spray:
– Coarse Spray
Vaccination with coarse spray should be used in the ﬁrst days of life, droplets size 100 to 150 microns.
– Fine Spray
Vaccination with ﬁne spray should be only used for revaccinations and avoided in the ﬁrst days of life.
WING-WEB VACCINATION :
Dip the vaccination needle into the diluted vaccine vial and then puncture the unﬂedged skin of the wing.
INTRAMUSCULAR VACCINATION :
Only used with oil-based vaccines. Inject the vaccine into the breast or thigh muscles in chickens.
SUBCUTANEOUS VACCINATION :
– Large animal: preferably in the elbow region for sheep and goats and under the skin of the neck just in front of the shoulders; in the lower back part of the neck for cattle and camels. A subcutaneous injection is given by making a “tent” with the skin and injecting the solution under the fold of the skin, parallel to the muscle. The vaccine should be delivered slowly.
– Poultry: In the lower part of the back of the neck.